Blog ProctorFree online learning online education metacognitive Motivation extrinsic motivation intrinsic motivation ARCS model
According to Foundations of Educational Theory for Online Learning, an imperative part of the effectiveness of online learning is motivation. Students taking online classes absolutely need motivation to learn.
To incorporate motivation in online education, it’s important to understand the motivation within a students learning style, the motivation during active learning, and how to use metacognition to finesse motivation.
Intrinsic Motivation– is driven from within the learner. Technically, it refers to behavior that is driven by internal rewards. For example, a student takes an online class in psychology because they are personally interested in learning psychology.
What enhances intrinsic motivation in students?
Extrinsic Motivation – is instructor and performance driven. In other words, behaviors that are driven to order to earn external rewards or avoid punishments. For example, a student takes an online class in business based on obtaining a higher salary after graduation rather than having a personal interest in business.
There are two places of motivation within students; however, what about motivating students during learning?
Dr. John Keller, author of “Motivational Design for Learning and Performance” created a motivational design process called the “ARCS model” designed to promote and sustain motivation during the learning process. The ARCS Model stands for:
As well as motivation within and during learning, it is also important to encourage students to use their metacognitive skills to help in the learning process. Metacognition is the student’s ability to be aware of his or her cognitive capabilities and use these capabilities to learn. When learning online, students should be given the opportunity to reflect on what they are learning, collaborate with other learners, and check their progress. Self-check questions and exercises with feedback throughout a lesson are good strategies to allow students to check how they are doing, so that they can use their metacognitive skills to adjust their learning approach if necessary.
In conclusion, motivation matters. Taking a students motivation, whether intrinsic or extrinsic, and blending in aspects of the ARCS model, while adding in areas of metacognition, will sustain an online students motivation during online learning.